Mild Brain Injury

An injury that occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.  This can happen when the head hits an object or an object pierces the skull and enters the brain.  Injuries can range from mild, moderate, or severe. Mild traumatic brain injury may also be referred to as Concussion.

Blast Injury: A brain injury can occur when a soldier is exposed to an explosive device such as an improvised explosive device (IED).  The resulting brain injury tends to be mild in nature, and often called a concussion.  A brain injury can occur at each of the following levels:

  • First Level: High pressured shock waves that impact brain
  • Second Level: Metallic projectiles or shrapnel from the bomb that can hit or penetrate the brain
  • Third Level: Hitting the head on the ground or object due to being thrown by the blast wind
  • Fourth Level: Burns, asphyxia, exposure to toxic inhalants
EFFECTS OF BRAIN INJURY
PHYSICAL COGNITIVE EMOTIONAL
Fatigue Poor attention & concentration Irritability and anger
Headaches Memory difficulties Depression
Light sensitivity Slower thinking Emotional outbursts
Sleep disturbances Difficulty with verbal expression Impulsivity
Dizziness and loss of balance difficulty with perceptual skills Lack of motivation
Nausea Difficulty with planning, organizing or initiating
Seizures Difficulty with problem solving
Decreased sense of smell and taste Decreased insight and awareness

Treatment for TBI

Your loved one can participate in a comprehensive rehabilitation program to address cognitive, physical and emotional problems due to TBI. Services include: 

  • Speech therapy 
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Neuropsychology/Psychology services 
  • Counseling
  • Chaplain services 
  • Vocational services 
  • Recreational therapy services  

Please refer to Frequently Used Words for clarity on terminology healthcare providers use in brain injury rehabiltation.