Introduction to Kidney Stones for People with Spinal Cord Injury
Bladder or kidney stones can cause serious problems. Stones that form in the bladder can block the flow of urine.
Stones in the kidneys can interfere with the filtering of blood and with drainage of urine to the bladder.
This can be a very painful experience for persons who have sensation.
What are some of the causes of stones?
- Not doing ICs on time or correctly
- Urine staying in the bladder too long
- Multiple urinary tract infections
- Not enough exercise
- Back up of urine into the kidneys
- Not drinking enough water
- High calcium levels in the body
How do you know if kidney stones are present?
- Pain in lower back or abdomen (if some sensation is present)
- Many urinary tract infections
- Increased sweating
- Blood in the urine
- Increased spasms
- Seeing stones pass in the urine
If you suspect that kidney stones are present, call the nurse or doctor as soon as possible!
How can Kidney Stones be Prevented?
- Follow your IC schedule; stay on time
- Drink 6-8 glasses of water a day
- Encourage exercise as much as possible
Since most people with SCI cannot feel their lower back, pain from kidney stones may not be felt. If the doctor has ordered regular urinary tests, stay on schedule with the treatment plan (these tests may include an Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) and/or a renal ultrasound). Many people with SCI have these tests done regularly every other year. It is important to get the urinary tests as ordered.